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Improving Your Amazon Order Defect Rate: A Comprehensive Guide

Improving Your Amazon Order Defect Rate: A Comprehensive Guide

Have you ever wondered how Amazon calculates your order defect rate (ODR) and why it’s so important for sellers? In this in-depth guide, we’ll explore everything you need to know about ODR and share proven tips for keeping yours low.

What is the Order Defect Rate?

The order defect rate, also known as ODR, is a key metric that Amazon uses to measure a seller’s performance. It takes into account customer claims and negative feedback received over a set period, usually 30 days.

Specifically, Amazon calculates ODR as:

(Number of A-to-Z claims + negative customer feedback + service chargebacks) / Total number of orders

For example, if you had 1 A-to-Z claim, 2 negative feedbacks, and shipped 100 orders in the last month, your ODR would be 3% (3/100).

Amazon aims for sellers to maintain an ODR below 1%. Reaching or exceeding 1% can result in serious consequences, like losing the coveted Buy Box or even account suspension. So keeping your ODR low is crucial for business success on Amazon.

Why is a Low ODR Important? [1]

There are a few key reasons why Amazon prioritizes ODR and sellers must work to keep it below 1%:

  • Buy Box Eligibility: Reaching 1% ODR will cause you to lose eligibility for the Buy Box for 30 days. The Buy Box drives around 70% of sales, so losing it can be devastating.
  • Account Health: Consistently high ODR shows poor seller performance and can damage your account health over time. Multiple months over 1% could lead to suspension.
  • Customer Experience: Amazon aims to provide buyers with a positive experience. High ODR indicates more defective or late orders, which hurts customers and Amazon’s reputation.
  • Competitive Edge: Other sellers with lower ODR will have an advantage for Buy Box wins and appear higher in search and product listings. Consumers naturally prefer sellers with strong track records.

So in short, keeping ODR low protects your bottom line, account standing, and competitive positioning on Amazon marketplace. It’s one of the most important sales metrics to monitor.

5 Proven Tips for Improving Your ODR

Now that we understand how important ODR is, here are some effective tips backed by seller experience for keeping yours below that crucial 1% threshold:

1. Analyze Feedback and Claims: Use filters to closely examine every A-to-Z claim and negative feedback. Look for recurring issues and root causes like late shipments, cancelled orders, or unmet expectations.

2. Handle Issues Proactively: Don’t just react to claims; stay steps ahead. Monitor your processes, communicate delays upfront, and focus on building quality to prevent defects before they occur.

3. Boost Customer Service: Go above and beyond to resolve issues quickly and fairly. Excellent support builds goodwill and leads to fewer overall claims and complaints over time.

4. Use Fulfillment Services: Consider Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) to remove shipping headaches and comply with delivery estimates. It may lower your ODR if issues are due to fulfillment errors.

5. Limit Q4 Volume Spike: The holiday rush brings higher order volume and more potential for shipping delays. Either pause listings temporarily or use FBA only to maintain service standards.

Carefully following these approaches, along with consistent monitoring, will put you in a strong position to maintain an ODR consistently under 1%. But issues do still arise, so it’s also important to understand your options if you exceed the threshold.

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What if your ODR exceeds 1%?

Despite your best efforts, unanticipated problems may cause your ODR to rise above 1% temporarily. Here are the steps to take:

  • Contact Seller Support: Explain the root cause and your corrective plan to ask them to exclude temporary spikes from account health metrics.
  • Shift to Full FBA: Fulfilling all orders through Amazon for 30 days can bring your ODR down quickly by removing fulfillment variables from the equation.
  • Monitor Closely: Keep a close eye on ODR daily so you can act immediately if it starts climbing above 1% again due to new issues.
  • Focus on Resolution: Prioritize resolving any open claims to remove them from the ODR calculation as soon as possible.
  • Adjust Strategy: Consider process changes, new technologies, or outsourcing some functions if persistent problems continue to drive your rates up.

With vigilance and a quick response, you can recover from a temporary spike. But consistency under 1% remains the long-term goal.

Key Takeaways

To summarize the most important concepts covered:

  • Amazon calculates ODR using claims, feedback, and chargebacks over a fixed period, like 30 days. It’s a critical metric of seller performance.
  • An ODR exceeding 1% will cause you to lose Buy Box eligibility for 30 days and may lead to account review/suspension.
  • Monitor ODR daily, analyze feedback thoroughly, and proactively resolve issues to maintain excellent customer service standards.
  • Consider Fulfillment by Amazon to remove fulfillment variables that can inflate ODR during busy periods.
  • If your ODR does spike over 1%, immediately contact support with your corrective plan and shift processes to drive it back down rapidly.

By keeping these tips in mind and continuously optimizing your operation, you’ll keep your ODR low and thrive on Amazon’s marketplace over the long run.


Here are answers to some frequently asked questions about ODR:

Q: Is there a grace period if my ODR hits 1%?
A: No, you will lose Buy Box eligibility immediately upon reaching or exceeding 1% ODR for 30 days.

Q: Do product reviews count in my ODR?
A: No, only A-to-Z claims, negative feedback, and chargebacks are included in the ODR calculation. Product reviews are excluded.

Q: Can old claims/feedback be removed?
A: Yes, issues over 90 days old will roll off your ODR calculation over time. But it’s best not to rely on this and actively resolve issues.

Q: What if a claim was closed in my favor?
A: Closed claims still count toward your ODR initially, but contacting Seller Support with evidence may have them excluded.

Q: How can I monitor my ODR daily?
A: Login to Seller Central and check your “Account Health” dashboard, which displays your live ODR along with order metrics.

Q: Are FBA orders included in my ODR?
A: No, only non-FBA orders you fulfill are counted. Using FBA removes fulfillment variables from your ODR calculation.

I hope this comprehensive guide has helped explain everything you need to know about Amazon’s Order Defect Rate and proven tips to maintain strong account performance. Let me know if you have any other questions!


[1] What is Amazon Order Defect Rate (ODR) and Why is it Important? – https://www.bigcommerce.com/ecommerce-answers/what-is-amazon-order-defect-rate-odr-and-why-is-it-important/
[2] Analyze Customer Feedback on Amazon Like a Pro: https://sellercentral.amazon.com/forums/t/analyze-customer-feedback-on-amazon-like-a-pro/289690
[3] How to Reduce Your Amazon Order Defect Rate (ODR): https://www.feedvisor.com/blog/reduce-amazon-order-defect-rate/
[4] Seller Order Defect Rate Thresholds on Amazon: https://vendoo.com/blog/seller-order-defect-rate-thresholds-on-amazon/
[5] Does Amazon Product Reviews Affect Order Defect Rate? – https://www.feedvisor.com/knowledge/amazon-product-reviews-affect-order-defect-rate/
[6] Amazon Order Defect Rate (ODR) FAQs: https://www.forwardmethods.com/amazon-order-defect-rate-faqs/
[7] How to Recover From High Amazon Order Defect Rates: https://www.bigcommerce.com/ecommerce-answers/how-to-recover-from-high-amazon-order-defect-rates/
[8] View Your Account Health on Amazon Seller Central: https://www.bigcommerce.com/ecommerce-answers/view-your-account-health-on-amazon-seller-central/
[9] Does Amazon’s ODR Include FBA Orders? – https://vendorcentric.com/blog/does-amazons-odr-include-fba-orders/

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